Generic Cipro is a cheaper version of Cipro, a very effective and trusted antibiotic medicine. Generic and brand name Cipro have identical active ingredient Ciprofloxacin, and Ciprofloxacin will produce the same therapeutic effect as the brand name drug. Generic medications can usually be purchased for a fraction of the cost of their branded counterparts. Because generic medications are often much cheaper than their branded counterparts, many people choose buying generic medications online, and many insurance companies actually require that they be used. The combination of generic substitutions and reference pricing would give patients an incentive to choose the cheapest product, while helping them avoid unnecessary costs.
Ciprofloxacin (Generic Cipro) is an antibiotic that belongs to the family of medications known as quinolones. It is used to treat infections caused by certain bacteria.
Cipro is indicated for the treatment of a varied spectrum of bacterial infections or infections caused by bacteria.
Active Ingredient of Cipro Ciprofloxacin 250/500/750/1000mg
For uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women, the usual recommended adult dose of ciprofloxacin extended-release (XL) is 500 mg once a day for 3 days.
For complicated urinary tract infections and uncomplicated kidney infections, the usual recommended adult dose is 1,000 mg once a day for 7 to 14 days. For people with severely reduced kidney function, the recommended dose is 500 mg once a day for 7 to 14 days.
Drink adequate amounts of water when you are taking this medication.
The most frequently reported drug related events, from clinical trials of all formulations, all dosages, all drug-therapy durations, and for all indications of ciprofloxacin therapy were nausea (2.5%), diarrhea (1.6%), liver function tests abnormal (1.3%), vomiting (1.0%), and rash (1.0%). Additional medically important events that occurred in less than 1% of ciprofloxacin patients are listed below. BODY AS A WHOLE: headache, abdominal pain/discomfort, foot pain, pain, pain in extremities, injection site reaction (ciprofloxacin intravenous), CARDIOVASCULAR: palpitation, atrial flutter, ventricular ectopy, syncope, hypertension, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, cardiopulmonary arrest, cere-bral thrombosis, phlebitis, tachycardia, migraine, hypotension CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM: restlessness, dizziness, lightheadedness, insomnia, nightmares, hallucinations, manic reaction, irritability, tremor, ataxia, convulsive seizures, lethargy, drowsiness, weakness, malaise, anorexia, phobia, depersonalization, depression, paresthesia, abnormal gait, grand mal convulsion GASTROINTESTINAL: painful oral mucosa, oral candidiasis, dysphagia, intestinal perforation, gastrointestinal bleeding, cholestatic jaundice, hepatitis HEMIC/LYMPHATIC: lymphadenopathy, petechia METABOLIC/NUTRITIONAL: amylase increase, lipase increase MUSCULOSKELETAL: arthralgia or back pain, joint stiffness, achiness, neck or chest pain, flare up of gout RENAL/UROGENITAL: interstitial nephritis, nephritis, renal failure, polyuria, urinary retention, urethral bleeding, vaginitis, acidosis, breast pain RESPIRATORY: dyspnea, epistaxis, laryngeal or pulmonary edema, hiccough, hemoptysis, bronchospasm, pulmonary embolism SKIN/HYPERSENSITIVITY: allergic reaction, pruritus, urticaria, photosensitivity, flushing, fever, chills, angioedema, edema of the face, neck, lips, conjunctivae or hands, cutaneous candidiasis, hyperpigmentation, erythema nodosum, sweating SPECIAL SENSES: blurred vision, disturbed vision (change in color perception, overbrightness of lights), decreased visual acuity, diplopia, eye pain, tinnitus, hearing loss, bad taste, chromatopsia In several instances nausea, vomiting, tremor, irritability, or palpitation were judged by investigators to be related to elevated serum levels of theophylline possibly as a result of drug interaction with ciprofloxacin.
Special Information If You Are Pregnant
Treatment usually lasts 7 to 14 days, except for bone and joint infections, which require 4 to 6 weeks. Infectious Diarrhea; Typhoid Fever; Sinus, Prostate, and Abdominal Infections: The recommended dosage is 500 milligrams taken every 12 hours. Treatment lasts 5 to 7 days for diarrhea, 10 days for typhoid fever and sinus infections, 7 to 14 days for abdominal infections, and 28 days for prostate infections. Inhalational Anthrax: For adults, the recommended dosage is 500 milligrams taken every 12 hours. There is no information on the symptoms of Cipro overdose. Treatment usually lasts 3 days. Lower Respiratory Tract, Skin, Bone, and Joint Infections: The usual recommended dosage is 500 milligrams taken every 12 hours.
Mode of action
Ciprofloxacin is a synthetic bactericidal antibiotic that inhibits bacterial nuclear DNA synthesis, so that bacteria rapidly die.
Supercoiling of the DNA allows the long DNA molecule to fit into the cell.
Uncoiling of the structure is the initiative step for replication of the DNA.
Thus, prolonged inhibition will lead to the death of the cell.